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The history and culture museum-reserve "Zaslaŭje"

The stronghold "Zamečak"

The remains of the fortified settlement on the south-western part of Zaslavl are known as “Zamecak”. The stronghold was built in the last quarter of the 10th century by order of Uladzimier Sviataslavavic as an outpost for north-western border of his kingdom. Circular ramparts enhanced with massive protection walls with battlements and roofs were built on top of the hill and towered 24 meters above the marshes of Charnica river. Defensive walls on the perimeter of the fortress with battle areas enabled archers to keep all-angle defense fire. Outer sides of the fortress were sheltered by deep dry ditches and tilted sharp stockade fortifications. Entrances were protected by gate towers. The strict geometrical configuration was ideal for the assault and defense tactics of those days. Two lines of wooden housing for guards and their families were situated inside. A relatively close center of craftwork trade near Svislač river provided for all the needs of the outpost. From 985 AD on, the fortress was mentioned in chronicles as “IziaslavÍ”, the town associated with the legend about Princess Rahnieda, daughter of Rahvalod.

According to the historian and Zaslavl  history expert Tatiana Haranskaya, Rahnieda was guarded in Zaslavl by mercenaries of Ugrian (Hungarian) origin. This conclusion is based on the analysis of archeological materials related to “Zamecak”.“ Zamecak” existed as a fortress up to the late 11th century, until the fortified center of Zaslavl was moved to the embankments of the Svislac river and the warriors left the fortress.